Growing plants is both an art and a science. About 95% of plants, either food crops or cash crops are grown in open field. Since time immemorial, man has learnt how to grow plants under natural environmental conditions. In some of the temperate regions where the climatic conditions are extremely adverse and no crops can be grown, man has developed methods of growing some high value crop continuously by providing protection from the excessive cold, which is called as Greenhouse Technology. So, Greenhouse Technology is the technique of providing favourable environment condition to the plants. It is rather used to protect the plants from the adverse climatic conditions such as wind, cold, precepitation, excessive radiation, extreme temperature, insects and diseases. It is also of vital importance to create an ideal micro climate around the plants. This is possible by erecting a greenhouse / glass house, where the environmental conditions are so modified that one can grow any plant in any place at any time by providing suitable environmental conditions with minimum labour.
Greenhouses are framed or inflated structures covered with transparent or translucent material large enough to grow crops under partial or fully controlled environmental conditions to get optimum growth and productivity.
Advantages of greenhouses :
♥ The yield may be 10-12 times higher than that of out door cultivation depending upon the type of greenhouse, type of crop, environmental control facilities.
♥ Reliability of crop increases under greenhouse cultivation.
♥ Ideally suited for vegetables and flower crops.
♥ Year round production of floricultural crops.
♥ Off-season production of vegetable and fruit crops.
♥ Disease-free and genetically superior transplants can be produced continuously.
♥ Efficient utilisation of chemicals, pesticides to control pest and diseases.
♥ Water requirement of crops very limited and easy to control.
♥ Maintenance of stock plants, cultivating grafted plant-lets and micro propagated plant-lets.
♥ Hardening of tissue cultured plants
♥ Production of quality produce free of blemishes.
♥ Most useful in monitoring and controlling the instability of various ecological system.
♥ Modern techniques of Hydroponic (Soil less culture), Aeroponics and Nutrient film techniques are possible only under greenhouse cultivation.
With the green house technology you can cultivate 100% organic products that meet international standards for export. Mega stores like SHOPRITE, ROBAN STORES, SPAR etc patronize green house farmers in Lagos and other states that have green house operators.
You can start up a green house farm today! The initial capital however ranges from 1m to 3m depending on the size but the return on investment in the first season which is just 6months is over 50%!
The initial investment as stated above includes the following:
- Irrigation kit
- The green house structure (plus installation)
- Knapsack sprayers
- Manure or fertilizer as required
- Planting medium (rich fertile soil)
- A trained agronomist to mange and educate personnel for a season.
For more information on how to procure a green house kindly contact me via email email@example.com
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